About 30 per cent of women of reproductive age and 35 per cent of men in the United States smoke cigarettes.
This is in spite of the long-standing campaigns to limit tobacco smoking. Several studies have shown a causal link between cigarette smoking and infertility.
A study published by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention showed that while smoking rates among women in the western world have fallen recently, it still remains a major cause of newborn deaths, preterm births and babies with low birth weight.
A systematic review of the scientific literature on the impact of cigarette smoking and smoke constituents revealed that all stages of reproductive functions are targets of cigarette smoke toxicants.
In the United Kingdom alone, smoking in pregnancy is responsible for about 5,000 miscarriages, 3,000 peri-natal deaths and approximately 2,000 premature births each year.
The WHO states that smoking causes more deaths in one year than all of these combined: deaths due to HIV, illegal drug use, alcohol use, motor vehicle injuries and fire-related incidents.
Smoking causes about 80 per cent of deaths from COPD and 10 per cent of all lung cancers in males and females. More people die from lung cancer each year than from breast cancer.
Source:The Punch Ng