Infertility primarily refers to the biological inability of a man or a woman to contribute to conception. Infertility may also refer to the state of a woman who is unable to carry a pregnancy to full term. There are many biological causes of infertility, some which may be bypassed with medical intervention
Over their lifetimes, approximately one in every five couples seeks infertilitycare. Surprisingly, only half of couples who are trying to become pregnant achieve pregnancy easily and about one in ten couples of reproductive age are involuntary infertile; male infertility accounts for half of these cases. Despite the relative importance of infertility due to
the male, infertility evaluations have traditionally focused on women, because women tend to seek gynecological care and because men often are reluctant to seek advice.
A variety of disorders ranging from hormonal disturbances to physical problems, to psychological problems can cause male infertility. Although many treatment options are now available, in many cases treatment will not work. In many instances, male
infertility is caused by testicular damage resulting in an inability of the testicle to produce perm. Once damaged, the testicle will
not usually regain its sperm-making capabilities. Despite medicine’s limited ability to treat male infertility, many successful treatment options are available for its many causes. Besides testicular damage, the main causes of male infertility are:
LOW SPERM PRODUCTION and POOR SPERM QUALITY.
CAUSES OF MALE INFERTILITY:
Male infertility has many causes–from hormonal imbalances, to physical problems, to psychological and/or behavioral problems. Moreover, fertility reflects a man’s “overall” health. Men who live a healthy lifestyle are more likely to produce healthy sperm. The following list highlights some lifestyle choices that negatively impact male fertility–it is not all-inclusive:
- Smoking–significantly decreases both sperm count and sperm cell motility.
- Prolonged use of marijuana and other recreational drug
- Chronic alcohol abuse.
- Anabolic steroid use–causes testicular shrinkage and infertility.
- Overly intense exercise–produces high levels of adrenal steroid hormones which cause a testosterone deficiency resulting in infertility.
- Inadequate vitamin C and Zinc in the diet.
- Tight underwear–increases scrotal temperature which results in decreased sperm production.
- Exposure to environmental hazards and toxins such as pesticides, lead, paint, radiation, radioactive substances, mercury, benzene, boron, and heavy metals
- Malnutrition and anemia.
- Excessive stress!
Modifying these behaviors can improve a man’s fertility and should be considered when a couple is trying to achieve pregnancy.
A small percentage of male infertility is caused by hormonal problems. The hypothalamus-pituitary endocrine system regulates the chain of hormonal events that enables testes to produce and effectively disseminate sperm. Several things can go wrong with the hypothalamus-pituitary endocrine system:
- The brain can fail to release gonadotrophic-releasing hormone (GnRH) properly.GnRH stimulates the hormonal pathway that causes testosterone synthesis and sperm production. A disruption in GnRH release leads to a lack of testosterone and a cessation in sperm production.
- The pituitary can fail to produce enough lutenizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) to stimulate the testes and testosterone/sperm production. LH and FSH are intermediates in the hormonal pathway responsible for testosterone and sperm production.
- The testes’ Leydig cells may not produce testosterone in response to LH stimulation.
- A male may produce other hormones and chemical compounds which interfere with the sex-hormone balance.
The following is a list of hormonal disorders which can disrupt male infertility:
Elevated prolactin–a hormone associated with nursing mothers, is found in 10 to 40 percent of infertile males. Mild elevation of prolactin levels produces no symptoms, but greater elevations of the hormone reduces sperm production, reduces libido and may cause impotence.
Low thyroid hormone levels–can cause poor semen quality, poor testicular function and may disturb libido. May be caused by a diet high in iodine.Reducing iodine intake or beginning thyroid hormone replacement therapy can elevate sperm count. This condition is found in only 1 percent of infertile men.
Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia:
Occurs when the pituitary is suppressed by increased levels of adrenal androgens. Symptoms include low sperm count, an increased number of immature sperm cells, and low sperm cell motility. Is treated with cortisone replacement therapy. This condition is found in only 1 percent of infertile men.
Low pituitary gland output of LH and FSH. This condition arrests sperm development and causes the progressive loss of germ cells from the testes and causes the seminiferous tubules and Leydig (testosterone producing) cells to deteriorate. May be treated with the drug Serophene. However, if all germ cells are destroyed before treatment commences, the male may be permanently infertile.
Complete pituitary gland failure–lowers growth hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone, and LH and FSH levels. Symptoms include: lethargy, impotence, decreased libido, loss of secondary sex characteristics, and normal or undersized testicles. Supplementing the missing pituitary hormones may restore vigor and a hormone called hCG may stimulate testosterone and sperm production.
A variety of physical problems can cause male infertility. These problems either interfere with the sperm production process or disrupt the pathway down which sperm travel from the testes to the tip of the penis. These problems are usually characterized by a low sperm count and/or abnormal sperm morphology. The following is a list of the most common physical problems that cause male infertility:
A varicocele is an enlargement of the internal spermatic veins that drain blood from the testicle to the abdomen (back to the heart) and are present in 15% of the general male population and 40% of infertile men. These images show what a variocoele looks like externally and internally.
A varicocele develops when the one way valves in these spermatic veins are damaged causing an abnormal back flow of blood from the abdomen into the scrotum creating a hostile environment for sperm development. Varicocoeles may cause reduced sperm count and abnormal sperm morphology which cause infertility. Variococles can usually be diagnosed by a physical examination of the scrotum which can be aided by the Doppler stethoscope and scrotal ultrasound. Varicocoele can be treated in many ways (see treatment section), but the most successful treatments involve corrective surgery.
Damaged Sperm Ducts:
Seven percent of infertile men cannot transport sperm from their testicles to their penis. This pathway may be blocked by a number of conditions:
· A genetic or developmental mistake may block or cause the absence of one or both tubes (which transport the sperm from the testes to the penis).
· Scarring from tuberculosis or some STDs may block the epididymis or tubes.
· An elective or accidental vasectomy may interrupt tube continuity.
Is a common problem affecting fertility that is caused by a supportive tissue abnormality which allows the testes to twist inside the scrotum which is characterized by extreme swelling. Torsion pinches the blood vessels that feed the testes shut which causes testicular damage. If emergency surgery is not performed to untwist the testes, torsion can seriously impair fertility and cause permanent infertility if both testes twist.
Infection and Disease:
Mumps, tuberculosis, brucellosis, gonorrhea, typhoid, influenza, smallpox, and syphilis can cause testicular atrophy. A low sperm count and low sperm motility are indicators of this condition. Also, elevated FSH levels and other hormonal problems are indicative of testicular damage. Some STDs like gonorrhea and chlamydia can cause infertility by blocking the epididimis or tubes. These conditions are usually treated by hormonal replacement therapy and surgery in the case of tubular blockage.
Several sexual problems exist that can affect male fertility. These problems are most often both psychological and physical in nature: it is difficult to separate the physiological and physical components.
Erectile Dysfunction (ED):
Also known as impotence, this condition is common and affects millions of men worlwide. ED is the result of a single, or more commonly a combination of multiple factors. In the past, ED was thought to be the result of psychological problems, but new research indicates that 90 percent of cases are organic in nature. However, most men who suffer from ED have a secondary psychological problem that can worsen the situation like performance anxiety, guilt, and low self-esteem. Many of the common causes of impotence include: diabetes, high blood pressure, heart and vascular disease, stress, hormone problems, pelvic surgery, trauma, venous leak, and the side effects of frequently prescribed medications (i.e. Prozac and other SSRIs, Propecia). Luckily, many treatment options exist for ED depending on the cause–these will be discussed in the treatment section.
Is defined as an inability to control the ejaculatory response for at least thirty seconds following penetration. Premature ejaculation becomes a fertility problem when ejaculation occurs before a man is able to fully insert his penis into his partner’s vagina. Premature ejaculation can be overcome by artificial insemination or by using a behavioral modification technique called the “squeeze technique” which desensitizes the penis.
This rare psychological condition prevents men from ejaculating during sexual intercourse even though they can ejaculate normally through masturbation. This condition sometimes responds well to behavioral therapy; if this technique does not work, artificial insemination can be employed using an ejaculate from masturbation.
INFERTILITY SYMPTOMS IN MEN
Infertility symptoms in men can be vague. They may go unnoticed until a man tries to have a baby.
Symptoms depend on what is causing the infertility. They can include:
- Changes in hair growth
- Changes in sexual desire
- Pain, lump, or swelling in the testicles
- Problems with erections and ejaculation
- Small, firm testicles
NATURAL REMEDY APPROACH TO CURING MEN’S INFERTILITY:
There are many infertility treatment options available. Conventional medicine includes fertility drugs,surgery, assisted reproductive technology or IVF(which can be very expensive). However many of these options may come with negative side effects: However many of these options come with negative side effects in men taking gonatrophins which may cause: fluid retention,breast enlargement,acne,weight gain e.t.c.
The natural approach of treating infertility solves the root causes by addressing all body systems rather than just focusing solely on the reproductive system.Many couples who can’t become pregnant suffer from a combination of subclinical conditions.These conditions can’t cause infertility on their own but in combination they ultimately reduce a couple’s probability and chances of conceiving.
Considering the numerous side effects of orthodox medication, surgical procedures, it’s cost financially, emotionally. It makes a lot of sense to explore the natural remedy for curing male infertility that is totally safe, cost effective, economical and that has proved very successful over the years and it has been used worldwide among numerous users. The Natural Therapies listed below has been used for years for curing numerous male infertility challenges and testimonials abound. We look forward to rejoicing with you!!!